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2 edition of Trace elemental characteristics of aerosols emitted from municipal incinerators found in the catalog.

Trace elemental characteristics of aerosols emitted from municipal incinerators

Jag J. Singh

Trace elemental characteristics of aerosols emitted from municipal incinerators

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  • 18 Currently reading

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Office, for sale by the National Technical Information Office in [Washington], Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Trace elements.,
  • Aerosols.,
  • Incinerators.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJag J. Singh.
    SeriesNASA technical memorandum -- 78630.
    ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Office.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination28 p. :
    Number of Pages28
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17797508M

    Respirable Aerosols Many toxic trace elements present in airborne particles are derived from high-temperature processes su!ch as occur in internal combustion engines, power plants, blast furnaces, metal-lurgical smelters, cement kilns, and municipal incinerators (11). It has now beerl established that many of these elements, such as lead, zinc.   Fine particle (aerodynamic diameter aerosol samples including major ion components, trace elements, organic and elemental carbon (OC and EC), and . Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials. Incineration and other high-temperature waste treatment systems are described as "thermal treatment".Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas and heat. The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents of the waste and may take the form of.


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Trace elemental characteristics of aerosols emitted from municipal incinerators by Jag J. Singh Download PDF EPUB FB2

Sols, a study of the elemental composition of size-differentiated aerosols emitted from a local municipal incinerator has been completed. Aerosols were aerodynamically separated into eight diameter groups ranging from urn to 20 urn and analyzed by charged-particle-induced X-ray emission technique.

On. Trace elemental characteristics of aerosols emitted from municipal incinerators. [Washington]: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Office ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Office, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication.

As part of a continuing investigation of high temperature combustion aerosols, elemental composition of size differentiated aerosols emitted from a local municipal incinerator was studied.

Aerosols were aerodynamically separated into eight diameter groups ranging from mm to 20 mm, collected, and analyzed by charged particle induced X-ray emission : J. Singh. Trace elemental characteristics of aerosols emitted from municipal incinerators / By Jag J.

Singh and United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. National survey of elements and radioactivity in municipal incinerator ashes.

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology19 (3), DOI: /BF Esko I. Kauppinen, Tuomo A. Pakkanen. Mass and trace element size distributions of aerosols emitted by a hospital refuse by: INTRODUCTION Incineration of municipal waste and municipal sewage sludge is an important emissionsource of many toxic trace elements found in ambient aerosols (Greenberg et al., a,b, ; Law and Gordon, ; Bennett and Knapp, ; Gerstle and AIbrinck, ; Na- Cited by: Mass and trace element size distributions of aerosols emitted by a hospital refuse incinerator.

Atmospheric Environment. Part A. General Topics24 (2), DOI: /(90) Donghun Sohn, Moonyoung Heo, Choonwon by: Leaching characteristics of trace elements from municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash samples were investigated bylaboratory leach tests. Concentrations of arsenic (As) and barium (Ba) from water leach tests (WLTs).

Over 90% of emitted particulate matter was in the size range of PM10 and % under the size of µm. Trace elemental characteristics of aerosols emitted from municipal incinerators. coarse particles of trace metals based on the knowledge of the variation of elemental concentrations and meteorological parameters.

METHODS. Site Description and Sample Collection. Three selected sampling sites (A, B, and C shown in Fig.

1) are located in the suburban in Yunlin County within western coastal central Taiwan. Potential emissions of heavy metals from these municipal solid waste incinerators (MWIs) have caused much public concerns.

Emission characteristics of heavy metals from MSW incinerators are affected by various operating parameters including the concentration of metals in the waste feed, composition of the gas stream, combustion temperatures, and the performance of the air pollution control Cited by: Characteristics of heavy metals on particles with different sizes from municipal solid waste incineration.

M B Chang Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Central University,Chungli, Taiwan. Background information includes a history of incineration, and the influence of municipal waste composition, incinerator type air pollution control technologies on residue quality.

Physical, chemical and leaching characteristics for the various ash streams are described, along with recommended sampling and evaluation s: 1. the smoke characteristics. During the strong El Niño event we deployed a mobile smoke sampling team in the Indonesian province of Central Kalimantan on the island of Borneo and made the first, or rare, field measurements of trace gases, aerosol optical properties, and aerosol mass emissions for authentic peat fires burning at various Cited by: Leaching characteristics of trace elements from municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash samples were investigated by laboratory leach tests.

Concentrations of arsenic (As) and barium (Ba) from water leach tests (WLTs), synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP), and column leach tests (CLTs) were observed to exceed the maximum contaminant level (MCL) according to U.S. EPA drinking water standards. Identification of emission sources by trace metal concentration A.

Del Borghi1, C. Solisio1, P. Perego1 & G. Genon2 1Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Genoa University, Italy. 2Turin Polytechnic, Italy. Abstract Aerosols emitted by antropogenic activity are in relationship to their emission. of trace-element concentration in aerosols emitted from two oil-fired heating plants at Langley Research Center.

For the purpose of this paper, these two plants are identified as heating plant 1 (Air Force plant, east area) and heating plant 2 (NASA plant, west area). Values are given in both SI and U.S.

Customary Units. Calculations were made inCited by: 3. Identification of emission sources by trace metal concentration A. Del Borghi1, C. Solisio1, P.

Perego1 & G. Genon2 1Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Genoa University, Italy. 2Turin Polytechnic, Italy. Abstract Aerosols emitted by antropogenic activity. Abstract. The element-release behavior of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash was explored through leaching test with continuous set-point pH (pH stat test) and serial single reaction cell (SSRC) tests.

First, the relationship between element release and acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) consumption was examined with a pH stat test. Four types of release behaviors were identified which Cited by: 9.

Emission of trace gases and aerosols from biomass burning M. Andreae and P. Metlet halogen elements, for example, NH3 or the methyl halides, the The entire amounts of trace and reference species emitted during the fire can be integrated and divided by one another, or (2) an.

Cannon, H. and B. Anderson (). Trace element content of the soils and vegetation in the vicinity of the Four Corners Power Plant. Part III. In: Southwest Energy Study. Coal Resources Work Group, US Dept. of the Interior.

Cited in Turner and Strojan (). Google ScholarCited by: Furnace Types. Table lists the types of furnaces used for municipal solid-waste, hazardous-waste, and medical-waste incineration. Municipal solid-waste furnace designs have evolved over the years from simple batch-fed, stationary refractory hearth designs to continuous feed, reciprocating (or other moving, air-cooled) grate designs with waterwall furnaces for energy recovery.

An investigation focused on the transformation and distribution behaviors of trace elements and natural radionuclides around a coal gangue brick plant was conducted.

Simultaneous sampling of coal Cited by: [15] Various trace elements and their concentration ratio have been used as a tool for source identification of aerosol samples. For example, vanadium has been widely used as a tracer for oil combustion [ Zoller et al., ], and Mn/V ratio as a tracer for large‐scale sources of aerosols [ Rahn, Cited by:   [1] Organic compounds including alkanes, fatty acids, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace and major elements in four size fractions (Cited by: 9.

Background: The potential impact of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI), which is an anthropogenic source of aerosol emissions, is of great public health study investigated the characterization and cytotoxic effects of ambient ultrafine particles (PM municipal solid waste incineration Cited by: Waste incineration is one of many societal applications of combustion.

As illustrated in Figurethe typical waste-incineration facility includes the following operations: Waste storage and feed preparation. Combustion in a furnace, producing hot gases and a bottom ash residue for disposal.

Gas. 1 The amounts of TDS and chloride should be increased by the concentrations of these constituents in the carriage water. 2 BOD 5 is the biochemical oxygen demand at 20°C over 5 days and is a measure of the biodegradable organic matter in the wastewater.

Source: UN Department of Technical Cooperation for Development () Municipal wastewater also contains a variety of inorganic substances. A EXTERNALITY ADDERS (UNIT DAMAGE COSTS) USED IN THE ANALYSIS 1 INTRODUCTION 1 REVIEW OF ESTIMATES, AND ADDERS USED 2 Trace Elements and Compost (e.g.

incinerators) to be the same as those emitted at a lower level (e.g. landfill flares). On the other hand, theFile Size: KB. @article{osti_, title = {Trace elements in fly ash: dependence of concentration on particle size}, author = {Davison, R L and Natusch, D F.S.

and Wallace, J R and Evans, Jr, C A}, abstractNote = {Concentrations of 25 elements in fly ash emitted from a coal-fired power plant were measured as a function of particle size using spark source mass spectroscopy, optical emission spectrography.

3) Most of these trace elements are mobilized on particulate matter derived from high temperature combustion sources such as fossil-fueled power plants, municipal incinerators, blast furnaces and internal combustion automobile engines.(4'5) These trace elements are important for a variety of reasons.

First of all, many of them are known to be. In addition, municipal incinerators can be engineered as waste-to-energy facilities, which couple incineration with the generation of electricity.

For example, a medium-sized waste-to-energy facility can typically take tons ( tonnes) per day of municipal solid wastes, and use the heat produced during combustion to generate about Environmental context. The remarkable enrichment of potentially toxic antimony (Sb) in inhalable airborne particulate matter has become of great environmental concern among recent air pollution issues.

The present study clarifies the predominant sources of Sb by focusing on the similarities in elemental composition, particle size distributions, and microscopic images found in ambient airborne Cited by: The impact of waste incinerators is usually examined by measuring environmental pollutants.

Biomonitoring has been limited, until now, to few metals and to adults. We explored accumulation of a comprehensive panel of metals in children free-living in an urban area hosting two waste incinerators.

Children were divided by georeferentiation in exposed and control groups, and toenail Author: Agostino Di Ciaula, Patrizia Gentilini, Giusy Diella, Marco Lopuzzo, Ruggero Ridolfi. Ambient concentrations of size-segregated fractions of PM and PM were investigated for chemical compositions and pollution sources at two functional receptor sites (industrial and residential areas) in the metropolitan city of Ibadan, Nigeria between March and February, Seventy four fractions (37 each) were collected on quartz filter media using a low volume Gent Author: Tijani Saliu, Oluyemi E.

Ayodele, Olabanji I. Oluremi, Adeniji A. Oluwole. CONCENTRATIONS OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN PARTICULATES EMITTED FROM COAL COMBUSTION [4, 6] Concentration, yg/g or 10~6 Ib/lb Element Antimony Arsenic Barium Bromine Cadmium Chlorine Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Nickel Selenium Silver Tin Zinc Uncontrolled 7 20 6 6 2, 20 6 10 20 20 _a "a a 8 7 - 2, Respirable Aerosols Many toxic trace elements present in airborne particles are derived from high-temperature processes such as occur in internal combustion engines, power plants, blast furnaces, metal-lurgical smelters, cement kilns, and municipal incinerators (11).

It has now been established that many of these elements, such as lead, zinc Cited by: The typical composition of fine continental aerosol will usually contain various sulphates (mostly ammonium and calcium), nitrates (mostly ammonium), chlorides (mostly sodium), elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC), especially traffic-related soot, biological materials and other organic compounds, iron compounds, trace metals, and Cited by: 2.

@article{osti_, title = {Trace element partitioning in ashes from boilers firing pure wood or mixtures of solid waste with respect to fuel composition, chlorine content and temperature}, author = {Saqib, Naeem, E-mail: @ and Bäckström, Mattias, E-mail: [email protected]}, abstractNote = {Highlights: • Different solids waste incineration is.

20 th ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles June 13 th - 16 th, at ETH Zentrum, Zürich, Switzerland. FOCUS-Event: Particle Filter Quality under Real World Conditions. Agenda of Presentations.

Tuesday June 14 th Author: Kati Lehtoranta, Jenni Alanen, Topi Rönkkö, Pauli Simonen, Timo Murtonen, Hannu Vesala, Sanna Saarik. Heavy metals are one of the concerned pollutants emitted by the municipal waste incineration system (MWIs). The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential impact on local airborne metals from the emissions of an MWI.

Aerosol samples were simultaneously collected at eight different sites around the municipal waste incinerator using PS-1 sampler. The concentrations of 16 elements .Prashant Rajput, M.

M. Sarin, Deepti Sharma and Darshan Singh, Organic aerosols and inorganic species from post-harvest agricultural-waste burning emissions over northern India: impact on mass absorption efficiency of elemental carbon, Environ.

Sci.: Processes Impacts, 16, 10, (), ().dust, waste incineration, marine aerosol, and others. Here, the nontraffic OC sources include primary anthropogenic OC emitted from the industrial complex zone, secondary OC, and organic species from distant sources.

The source impact of waste incineration emission became significant when the dominant wind directions were from southwestCited by: